In this document, I summarize the details of the system and the published rulings of the first year.
In the CBR test case, businesses could request rulings regarding the VAT implications of cross-border transactions involving the participating member states. Rulings can currently be requested in 15 member states (Belgium, Cyprus, United Kingdom, Estonia, Finland, France, Netherlands, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Portugal, Spain, Slovenia and Sweden).
Conditions of filing CBR requests:
- The request must relate to a complex VAT transaction that the business concerned intends to realize.
- The envisaged transaction must concern at least two member states participating in the CBR test case.
- The ruling request must be filed in a member state in which the requestant has a tax number or in a member state in which it can be assumed that the requestant will have a tax number in relation to the envisaged transaction.
In most cases the ruling requests have to be filed in the language of the member states concerned and/or in English (the Hungarian Tax and Customs Authority always asks for a Hungarian translation of the ruling request),presenting all relevant details of the transaction. If necessary, the tax authorities perform reconciliaitons before answering the request. The rules of the state receiving the request apply regarding the procedure (e.g. deadlines).
EU CBR rulings regarding VAT transactions between June 2013 and May 2014.
Based on approval from the businesses concerned, the member states published five CBR rulings (making sure that the businesses concerned cannot be identified). In the table below, I summarize the facts of each case, the question(s) and the answers confirmed in the rulings:
Experiences, the future of Cross-Border Rulings
Non-participation of large member states, Germany in particular, is a sensitive issue as one of the conditions of issuing Cross-Border Rulings is that all of the member states concerned must participate in the system. Experience so far confirms that CRBs would provide substantial support for businesses with the publication of rulings and the standardization of procedures, deadlines in particular, and the development of the envisaged internet database of rulings. Confirmation of the VAT obligations relating to complex international transactions by tax authorities proved to be a good idea and the initiative closed a successful first year.